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喜馬拉雅-青藏高原湖泊沈積物的曆史黑碳重建
【发布时间:2019-06-22 】 【 】【打印】【關閉
Neupane, Bigyan; Kang, Shichang; Chen, Pengfei; et al.
Black carbon (BC) is one of the major drivers of climate change, and its measurement in different environment is crucial for the better understanding of long-term trends in the Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau (HTP) as climate warming has intensified in the region. We present the measurement of BC concentration from six lake sediments in the HTP to reconstruct historical BC deposition since the pre-industrial era. Our results show an increasing trend of BC concurrent with increased anthropogenic emission patterns after the commencement of the industrialization era during the 1950s. Also, sedimentation rates and glacier melt strengthening influenced the total input of BC into the lake. Source identification, based on the char and soot composition of BC, suggests biomass-burning emissions as a major contributor to BC, which is further corroborated by open-fire occurrence events in the region. The increasing BC trend continues to recent years, indicating increasing BC emissions, mainly from South Asia.
(来源:ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 2019, 53(10):5641-5651)
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